It describes the diagnosis and treatment of dysfunctions in the musculoskeletal system – Structure.
A restriction within can find its origins in diverse structures and tissues:
. bones . muscle . joints
. fascia . ligaments . nerves…
It can affect the biomechanics and overall function of the area such as:
. adhesions . tensions . fibrosis . vertigo . tendinitis
. hernia . sciatic pain . neck and headaches . arthritis
. repetitive injuries (sports, computer/repetitive jobs) .frozen shoulder…
As a result, with time and chronicity, the increased stress resulting from the function change will progressively cause a restriction of the compensation structure.
The role of the osteopath is to diagnose and treat the local dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system causing pain and also to look into any compensation chains in the structure resulting from previous traumas and injuries, restoring the normal biomechanics and giving the body the ability to heal itself.
A wide range of direct techniques may be used during a treatment such as:
. Spinal adjustments (thrust techniques)
. Joint articulation
. Soft tissue techniques (myofascial release stretching, muscle energy, Jones’s strain and counter-strain)
When appropriate, the osteopath can make use of more gentle techniques, described as indirect techniques, always taking the patient’s medical history into account and assessing what approach the body needs.